With agriculture contributing towards 23% of Tanzania’s GDP, employing 70% of the nation’s labour force, accounting for 30% of exports and 65% of inputs to the industrial sector, the sector plays a critical role to the nation’s development agenda.
In light of this, the President of the United Republic of Tanzania, H.E. Dr. John Pombe Magufuli officially launched the second phase of the Agricultural Sector Development Programme (ASDP II) on June 4, 2018. The ASDP II is a flagship programme under Tanzania’s development agenda. Themed Agricultural Sector for Industrial Development, the programme resonates well with the intention of the 5th Phase Government to step up manufacturing and agro-processing industries to push the economy up the value chain.
Photo: The President of the United Republic of Tanzania, H.E. Dr. John Magufuli (left) being helped by the Minister of Agriculture, Dr. Charles Tizeba, MP (right) to cut a ribbon to launch the second phase of the Agricultural Sector Development Programme (ASDP II) in Dar es Salaam on June 4, 2018.
Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Food Security Policy in Tanzania, the Agricultural Sector Policy and Institutional Reforms Strengthening (ASPIRES) Project, support ASDP II component four: “Sector Enabling, Coordination and Monitoring and Evaluation,” in collaboration with other implementing partners. This is in line with ASPIRES’ goal of accelerating the adoption of more effective policies and programs to drive broad-based agricultural sector growth, improve household food security and nutrition, and reduce poverty.
Speaking during the launch of ASDP II, H.E. John Magufuli highlighted ASDP II as a key programme towards solving problems facing the agricultural sector necessary for achieving the country’s industrial agenda.
The launch was witnessed by high Government officials (notably, the Vice President, Hon. Samia Suluhu Hassan and the Prime Minister, Hon. Kassim Majaliwa), over 700 key stakeholders including heads of institutions from diplomatic missions, donor community and chief executive officers (CEOs) from the private sector. Six Agricultural Sector Lead Ministries (ASLMs) who have been at the forefront in developing the ASDP II who are the key implementers of the programme also featured at the launch. These included senior Government officials from across the ASLMs: The ministries of Agriculture; Livestock and Fisheries; the President’s Office: Regional Administration and Local Government (PO-RALG); Industry, Trade and Investment; Lands, Housing and Human Settlement; and Water and Irrigation. The programme was developed in collaboration with the development partners, NGOs and the private sector, while building on the successes and lessons learnt from ASDP I implemented from 2006/2007 to 2013/2014.
Speaking on behalf of development partners, Fred Kafeero, the FAO-UN Representative in Tanzania commended the Government of Tanzania on ASDP II. In his remarks, he said: “We as development partners are encouraged by the efforts of the Agricultural Sector Lead Ministries (ASLMs) and the Government to prepare and endorse such a comprehensive and well-articulated programme.”
Guiding Strategies for ASDP II
The ASDP II (2017/18 to 2027/2028) has been developed to propel the country’s economic development and guide the implementation of prioritized interventions including the following: The Tanzania Development Vision 2025 (TDV 2025); the Long Term Perspective Plan (LTPP 2012-2021); the Five Year Development Plan Phase Two (FYDP II 2011-2021); the Tanzania Agriculture and Food Security Investment Plan (TAFSIP) and the Agricultural Sector Development Strategy Phase Two (ASDS II).
The ASDP II is a result-oriented sector programme that is set to transform the agricultural sector towards higher productivity, enhanced commercialization and smallholder farmer income for improved livelihood (comprising about 97.5% of rural households), and food security and nutrition by 2025. It serves as the main vehicle for the implementation of the sector strategy (ASDS II), but also sub-sector policies and development programmes aligned with ASLMs and the private sector including crops, livestock, fisheries, marketing, and food and nutrition security.
ASDP II prioritizes four main components:
(i) Sustainable water and land use management
(ii) Enhanced agricultural productivity and profitability
(iii) Commercialization and value addition
(iv) Strengthening sector enablers
For each agro-ecological zone (AEZ), commodity value chains for inclusion were prioritized based on the potential to create the biggest impact in terms of yields, profitability, improved livelihood, commercialization and industrialization.
Maize, cassava, rice and pulses are among the priority commodity value chains under ASDP II, accounting for 53% of the caloric intake for Tanzanians. As regards agricultural trade, tobacco, cotton, and coffee contribute 17.6%, 14.5% and 11.0% respectively to foreign export earnings. On the other hand, wheat and palm oil contribute 31% and 27% respectively to the share of total food import value. Tanzania is also a major importer of dairy products, accounting for 9% of commercial dairy imports into sub-Saharan Africa.
In terms of implementation, the programme will be implemented in two stages of five years each and will entail four key interlinked components under which a total of 23 priority investment areas were developed. The first five years of ASDP II implementation will start from the year 2018 and will prioritize commodity value chains including maize, rice, sorghum and millet, cassava, horticultural crops, oil seed crops, cotton, coffee, sugarcane, cashew nuts, tea, potatoes, pulses, banana, dairy, beef, goat and sheep, poultry, fish and seaweed according to strategic ecological zones (Table 1).
Key Achievements of ASDP I
ASDP II builds on the successes and lessons learnt from ASDP I (2006/7 to 2013/14). Among the key achievements of ASDP I include the improvement and construction of irrigated schemes resulting in a 75% increase of the irrigated area from 264,000 hectares 2005/6 to 461,000 hectares in 2014. Tanzania has increased its food self-sufficiency from 103% in 2009 to 120% in 2015. For example, the production of rice alone increased from 400,000 tonnes in 2004 to around 1.35 million tonnes in 2015 due mainly to an increased area under cultivation. In addition, there has been a significant decline in the prevalence of undernutrition where the level of stunting in children aged 0-59 months reduced from a prevalence of 42% in 2010 to 34% in 2015 (TDHS 2010; 2015).
ASPIRES Support towards ASDP II
ASPIRES has been a key collaborator to the Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) in developing the ASDP II and rolling out the ASDP II Socialization and Capacity Building Workshops (from April to June 2017).
The workshops were a joint effort between the Government of Tanzania and partners including ASPIRES, Public Sector System Strengthening (PS3), Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA) and Africa Lead, together equipping a total of 960 LGA leadership with a common understanding of their roles in the implementation of ASDP II. Beneficiaries of these workshops included regional commissioners (RCs); regional administrative secretaries (RASs); district commissioners (DCs); municipal council mayors; district executive directors (DEDs); district planning officers (DPLOs); district agriculture, irrigation and cooperative officers (DAICOs) and district livestock and fisheries officers (DLFOs). They were in attendance to witness the ASDP II launch.
Photo: The Minister of Agriculture, Hon. Dr. Charles Tizeba, MP, poses in a group photo with participants of the ASDP 2 Socialization and Capacity Building Workshop in Mwanza.